Policy Brief – Reducing Child Labour through Art based Approaches

Policy Brief – Reducing Child Labour through Art based Approaches

According to Nepal’s Child Act 2075 (2018), child labour means the employment in physical or mental work of children below 18 years of age. Child labour is not only a violation of human rights but also a social crime and a curse of civilization. Child labour not only violates the fundamental rights of children; it also pushes their future into darkness. Child labour deprives children of the education they need to make their future better. Because of child labour, children lose the knowledge, training and skills they gain through education. Children working as child labourers are generally from uneducated, and poor families. Child labour is a common phenomenon in the country and is also considered a part of the socialization process (CBS 2011a). It is deeply rooted in the society with little concerns about its deleterious effects on children’s schooling and future productivity.

Reducing Child Labor through Art based Approaches

Policy Brief – Youth Vulnerability to Drug Use

Policy Brief – Youth Vulnerability to Drug Use

There is no specific research that has identified or adequately addressed the needs of young people who use drugs in Nepal and t here is a consensus among drug experts that drug use is rapidly increasing in urban areas of Nepal. Drugs are becoming more accessible and p eople are experimenting with drugs at a much earlier age, many as young as 12 or 13. The Sachetana Child C lub seeks to raise awareness of the issues by sharing a video they have made exploring drug use and its effects. Their research has also generaged the followin g key policy recommendations.

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Policy Brief – Child Marriage

Policy Brief – Child Marriage

Child marriage is a violation of human rights, comprising the development of girls, putting them at risk of abuse and violence, and reinforcing the gendered nature of poverty. Despite attempts by Nepali government and non governmental organizations to end child marriage, Nepal still has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world. The Mohankanya Child Club at the Mohankanya Secondary School in Palpa decided to explore the issue of child marriage using art based methods. They created a film based on real stories of young people, and have used this both to raise awareness among their peers, families and communities, and to open dialogue with local decision makers. They have also developed the following recommendations:

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Policy Brief – Campaign against Discrimination through Art-based Approaches

Policy Brief – Campaign against Discrimination through Art-based Approaches

Nepali legislation protects citizens including young people and children against all forms of discrimination. However, society still discriminates against people because of their gender or because of their caste. Young researchers in the Janapriya Chil d Club, Palpa, have explored the issue of discrimination, looking particularly at its root causes. Using art based methods, including street drama, music, photo collage, and a short film, Club members have engaged in dialogue with the Teachers’ and Parent s’ Association and developed an action plan for a campaign against discrimination. Their work has informed the following recommendations.

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Policy Brief – Raising Awareness about Drug Use by Young People

Policy Brief – Raising Awareness about Drug Use by Young People

There are currently no public drug treatment facilities in Nepal, despite significant annual increase sin the number of drug users in the country. Treatment facilities are outsourced to private organizations and provided at a cost that is beyond the reach of most people. This means that legal provisions granting immunity from prosecution to those who enter drug treatment are denied to people who cannot afford it. With the majority of drug users below 20 when they first start using drugs, this issue has a major impact on young people. Our research explores the causes of drug use and suggests some key policy recommendations.

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Policy Brief – How Does Ethnic Untouchability Affect our Society

Policy Brief – How Does Ethnic Untouchability Affect our Society

Despite legal protections both in the UN Convention of Children’s Rights and in the Constitution of Nepal caste based discrimination is still a prominent feature of Nepali society. People who are considered of low caste known as ‘Dalits’ or ‘untouchables’ are considered lesser human beings. They often face marginalization, social and economic exclusion, an d segregation in housing, with women and girls particularly vulnerable to different forms of abuse. Members of the Divyasewa Child club of Janajyoti Secondary School, Makwanur, decided to explore the issues surrounding caste based discrimination, using ar t based methods to understand different perspectives. This policy brief captures their findings and key policy recommendations.

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Policy Brief – Using Art to Reduce Human Trafficking

Policy Brief – Using Art to Reduce Human Trafficking

Human trafficking poses a serious challenge to Nepal’s socioeconomic development, and peace building. This policy brief is based on arts based research carried out by young people and provides an outline of the research findings and recommendations to prevent human trafficking. These recommendations are intended to complement the work of the Government of Nepal and various organizations making efforts to prevent human trafficking . Our research has highlighted the need to raise awareness in communities and to make local government accountable for reducing human trafficking .

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Policy Brief – Reducing Child Labour through Art-Based Approaches

Policy Brief – Reducing Child Labour through Art-Based Approaches

Nepali law prohibits child labour and has set targets to banish all types of child labour by 2025. Child labour is recognized as a violation of human rights, deprives children of education and impacts their future. However, despite this, recent data shows that over 15% of children in Nepal are engaged in child labour. Child club members of the Bhusaldanda secondary school explored the issue using art based methods to analyse the root causes and impact of child labour. The research shows that more needs to be done to raise awareness and to monitor the implementation of the legislation..

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Participatory Mural on the Issue of Street Brawl  by MAP Young People in Jakarta, Indonesia

Participatory Mural on the Issue of Street Brawl by MAP Young People in Jakarta, Indonesia

This mural was created by Children’s Forum of Cipinang Besar Utara (CBU) in Jakarta and was facilitated by an Indonesian artist-educator, Vina Puspita. The mural was initiated to respond to the available space/wall at RPTRA (Child-Friendly Integrated Public Space) of CBU in East Jakarta alongside young people’s interest to bring up social message about street brawls (tawuran) to the community. That issue has been persistently raised by MAP young people during the MAP project phases 1 and 2.

 

The participatory mural process took three days to finish. On the first day, they began the session with brainstorming on the themes and messages. Free writing techniques was being used to gather ideas and thoughts spontaneously. It was followed by a discussion to finalise the concept. Furthermore, they continued with the process of sketching, composing the mural layout and creating a digital simulation on the wall. They started to paint on the wall on the second day and finished on the third day. 

 

“Indonesia Butuh Kamu” as the title of the mural, is translated as “Indonesia Needs You”. It is a perspective that MAP young people would like to offer to their fellow youths, saying that they are valuable and needed by the country and even the world. The mural, thus, contains social messages for young people to stop fighting, build more empathy and and capacity by spending more time on positive things. Moreover, this work also reflected the importance of a family situation that is free from violence and community support for young people.

 

Here is the link to the 3-minute video that captures the process and the result of the mural:

 

Here is the location of the mural:

 

Policy Brief – Violence (Osh)

Policy Brief – Violence (Osh)

Более 11% детей в Кыргызстане имеют хотя бы одного родителя, находящегося в миграции. Пока родители заняты зарабатыванием денег, дети остаются с родственниками. Почти 73% детей сообщают о жестоком обращении или пренебрежении в семье, в котором они остались.

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Policy Brief – School Sanitation

Policy Brief – School Sanitation

Мы отобрали проблему антисанитарных условий уличного туалета школы, так как думали, что нас она касается в первую очередь. Проблема затрагивает большинство учащихся школы, но многие молчат, стесняются говорить об этой проблеме: тему туалетов в обществе обсуждать не принято. Нужно понимать, чтобы решить проблему, необходимо о ней говорить и стараться вместе обсуждать ее решение».

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Policy Brief – School Racketeering

Policy Brief – School Racketeering

Проблема школьного рэкета является актуальной не только в нашем сообществе, но и по всей стране. Она остается нерешенной, приобретает разные формы. О данной проблеме молчат в школах, о ней никому не говорят подвергающиеся насилию дети, поэтому данное правонарушение процветает

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Policy Brief – Low Interest in Reading Among Children (Batken)

Policy Brief – Low Interest in Reading Among Children (Batken)

Чтение формирует словарный запас, а человек думает словами. Чем больше слов у человека в запасе, тем шире и глубже его мышление. Исчезающая привычка к чтению среди подростков вызывает серьезную тревогу.

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Policy Brief – Girls’ Access to Education

Policy Brief – Girls’ Access to Education

«Раньше осуждала девочек, которые после 9 класса выходят замуж, думала, что они просто не хотят учиться. Сейчас, после нашего исследования и диалоговых встреч стала понимать, что есть такое понятие как «социальные нормы», которые укрепились в обществе. Общество ожидает от женщины определенного поведения: женщина создана для семьи; чем раньше выйдешь замуж, тем лучше; женщина должна всегда слушаться/подчиняться, должна молчать, терпеть.
Девочки воспитанные по таким правилам повинуются им. Они поступают так, потому что другие поступают так. Они считают, что они поступают правильно. Девочки не могут поменять свое поведение, т.к чувствует давление со стороны родителей и окружения»

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Policy Brief – Culture Education (Bishkek)

Policy Brief – Culture Education (Bishkek)

«Обычно о низкой культуре поведения молодежи говорит старшее поколение. Сейчас мы очень рады, что подобные вопросы волнуют и саму молодежь. Это говорит о том, что молодежь не безразлична к происходящему. Мы – взрослые, очень заинтересованы поддержать ваши начинания.»

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Policy Brief – Children and Parents (Osh)

Policy Brief – Children and Parents (Osh)

«Из-за недостатка поддержки и взаимопонимания со стороны родителей к детям большинство детей так и не реализуют свой потенциал, таланты детей остаются не раскрытыми. Дети часто сталкиваются с трудностями при выборе профессии и своего жизненного пути»

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Policy Brief – Children and Parents (Jalal-Abad)

Policy Brief – Children and Parents (Jalal-Abad)

«Из-за недостатка поддержки и взаимопонимания со стороны родителей к детям большинство детей так и не реализуют свой потенциал, таланты детей остаются не раскрытыми. Дети часто сталкиваются с трудностями при выборе профессии и своего жизненного пути»

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Policy Brief – Children and Parents (Bishkek)

Policy Brief – Children and Parents (Bishkek)

«Из-за недостатка поддержки и взаимопонимания со стороны родителей к детям большинство детей так и не реализуют свой потенциал, таланты детей остаются не раскрытыми. Дети часто сталкиваются с трудностями при выборе профессии и своего жизненного пути»

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Policy Brief – Children and Parents (Batken)

Policy Brief – Children and Parents (Batken)

«Из-за недостатка поддержки и взаимопонимания со стороны родителей к детям большинство детей так и не реализуют свой потенциал, таланты детей остаются не раскрытыми. Дети часто сталкиваются с трудностями при выборе профессии и своего жизненного пути»

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Policy Brief – Child Labour (Bishkek)

Policy Brief – Child Labour (Bishkek)

«Никто не имеет права красть у детей детство! Есть мнение, если ребенок с раннего возраста познает труд, он будет готов к жизненным испытаниям. Но я с этим не согласна. У каждого ребенка должно быть счастливое детство. Сколько детских судеб потеряно из-за эконо
мических семейных проблем»

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